Avocado set to become Ethiopia’s major export

The joint program by USAID, MASHAV of Israel and the Ministry of Agriculture of Ethiopia has introduced over 2,000 farmers with an avocado variety – Hass – imported from Israeli. The program over the past four years has managed to export Hass from Ethiopia and find the results encouraging and worth expanding, according to Wale Getaneh, Deputy coordinator of the project. “The reason we focused on avocado over the last four years is because the international market for it is rapidly growing that Ethiopia has suitable weather for growing avocado,” Mr. Wale told He stated that after familiarizing a few thousands of smallholder farmers with the avocado variety imported from Israel and teaching them how they can grow, the project has been exporting Hass avocado to the Netherlands by collecting from the farmers.“We started by exporting two tons of avocado four years ago. After we get good feedbacks from the importers, we decided to increase the volume annually including many smallholder farmers into the project,” he says.

The following year the export volume has increased to eight tons and then exported 14 tons the next year. Wale says they have exported a kilogram of avocado for $3.6, $4 and $5.7, consecutively.“When we exported the 14 tons, we made a trial by exporting eight tons using vessel to see the feasibility of the business for the private sector in the future. But the trial was not easy because of the not much developed logistics sector of Ethiopia, which includes waiting long to freezing container. But the avocados we exported using the vessels finally reached Rotterdam on the 36th day. It was encouraging and the feedback from the client was also very good,” he says, advising the private sector to move into growing avocado for export market.

Avocado VS coffee 

Wale also suggests that the government should consider good incentives for investors who come to invest in avocado production and export. This is because it has a potential to generate huge hard currency for the country even more than what the country is currently getting from coffee export.

“If well invested in, avocado can take over coffee in a short time in terms generating hard currency for Ethiopia,” Wale says, indicating that Ethiopia should learn from successful horticulture development experiences of Israel and the Netherlands.

Comparing with coffee, he says that one can plant up 2,600 coffee seedlings per hectare with output of 10 to 12 quintals per hectare. But by planting 416 seedlings of avocado per hectare with up to 20 tons per hectare, Ethiopia can get more export earnings as compared to what it is getting from one hectare of coffee.

He states that in China the price for a kilogram of avocado may reach up to $17, while in California, which is also avocado growing area, a single avocado may be sold up to $2.

The global demand projection of avocado for the coming 20 years is estimated to continuously grow.

Launched in 2005, USAID-MASHAV-Ministry of Agriculture, has been working with smallholder farmers in Tigray, Amhara, South and Oromia regions showing the farmers how to grow Hass avocado variety for international market. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been taking care of the funding part, while the Israeli international development agency – MASHAV – has been dealing with the technical part of the project Ethiopia’s ministry of agriculture is the implementing agency.

Over the last four years the project has managed to increase the number of smallholder farmers who are growing Hass avocado to around 2,600. In the coming September the project expects to export up to 100 tons of Hass avocado collecting from these smallholder farmers.

From establishing modern avocado and other horticulture seedlings producing nurseries, to distributing them to smallholder farmers in the four regions, the project has been registering good results, according to Wale.

If it continuously gets water avocado seedling may start giving fruit after two years. But preparing the seedling can also take one year. Currently the three nurseries established by the project are supplying avocado seedlings to the smallholder farmers.

The nurseries have a total capacity of supplying 305,000 avocado seedlings. “At the moment we don’t have shortage of seedlings. We are only waiting for the private sector to come and invest,” Wale says.

In addition to the imported rough cover Hass avocado variety, currently there are about half a dozen local avocado varieties in Ethiopia

Tinaw endeavors to always be a socially and environmentally responsible grower

Tinaw Business Share Company (S.Co) is one of the prominent Ethiopian owned farm engaged in the production and export of cut roses to the international market since 2006. The farm located at the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Regional State (SNNPRS), Guraghe Zone, Ezha Sub-District , Zigba-Botto Village, which is 170 Km from Addis Ababa.

Currently, the Company produces different flower varieties for exports to The Netherlands and other countries having a certification of MPS-A, MPS-SQ and ETI  and gearing up toward a Gold certification from EHPEA.

Tinaw Business S.C is engaged on potable water project, committed to provide Safe drinking water to the local community around flower farm, which is expected to benefit more than 3,250 communities

EHPEA promotes the ample investment opportunities at IFTEX expo

The three-day expo brought together more than 180 national and international companies in the flower value chain, held in Nairobi, Kenya. IFTEX Expo Kenya is a great platform for interaction among Kenyan flower grower, international flower exporters and buyers.

EHPEA participated at this expo representing its member farms by displaying different varieties of members produce such as Roses, Carnation, Hypericum, Alstroemeria, Gypsophylia, Statics and Veronica in a 21msq pavilion. A B2B meetings with buyers, input suppliers, and investors conducted.

On the expo EHPEA promoted the ample investment opportunities of horticulture sector in Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador to the Republic of Kenya, Meles Alem, has also paid a visit to EHPEA’s stand.

Kenya’s flower exports projected to grow 20 pct in 2019

The value of Kenya’s flower exports is projected to grow 20 percent in 2019 as compared to 2018, the industry said on Wednesday.

Clement Tulezi, CEO Kenya Flower Council (KFC), told journalists in Nairobi that in 2018 export earnings from cut flowers hit approximately 113.2 billion Kenyan shillings (1.1 billion U.S. dollars), which was a 38 percent increase from the previous year.

“There is currently an oversupply of flowers in the international market but the earnings of the Kenya floriculture sector exports is still expected to expand by 20 percent in 2019,” Tulezi said during the opening ceremony of the eighth edition of the International Flower Trade Expo (IFTEX).

The three-day expo brought together more than 180 national and international companies in the flower value chain.

According to KFC, Kenya is the world’s fourth largest exporter of cut flowers and accounts for around 40 percent of all cut flower imports into the European Union.

Tulezi said that Kenya’s flower sector is keen to diversify its overseas markets and is looking forward to expanding into more markets including China, Japan, India, Australia, Canada, United States and Eastern Europe.

Tulezi added that Kenya is prioritizing sustainability in the flower industry in order to reduce the environmental impact of the sector’s production.


ET-Highland Flora PLC undertaking massive action on liquid waste treatment

ET-Highland Flora PLC said undertaking liquid waste water management properly is instrumental in reusing water and curbing environmental pollution. The company has been investing hugely in liquid and solid waste water management.

The liquid waste water management project being undertaken by the company has been hailed as exemplary by EHPEA staff members who visited the farm these past two weeks. It is also doing very well with regard to turning solid waste into compost. The farm has managed to fully develop twenty hectares of land.

Farm Manager Emebet Tesfaye said as flower farm takes huge water the company has given due attention to investing particularly in liquid waste water management. “We are relying on consultants’ advice and we are on the way to reuse treated water for irrigation purpose. Liquid waste treatment also helps us in carrying our social responsibility of developing the farm while protecting and conserving the environment.”

The Farm’s liquid waste treatment process encompasses sedimentation tank, primary holding tank, vertical flow bed, gravel bed hydroponics as well as six-layer ponds.
According to Company Production Department Head Urge Batu, the farm is currently growing 16 varieties of rose. In parallel, it is replacing old varieties with new ones in accordance with breeders and present market demands.

Urge indicated that the company is taking massive action towards enhancing productivity and maintaining quality of products through maintaining greenhouses sanitation.
The farm was established in 2005 and went fully operational in 2006.

Ethio Agri-ceft says endod instrumental in greenhouse sanitation

Ethio Agri-ceft/Agri Flower Holeta is one of the pioneers of horticulture investments in the country. It is well-known for its diverse rose varieties and a good track record of engaging in local communities developmental activities.

Last week, by the time EHPEA staff visited the farm, workers were busy preparing bissu – the most popular rose variety needed in Europe on the occasion of Mother’s Day celebration. To meet the insatiable demand for bissu on the event about 7,000 bunches (having ten stems in each bunch) were readied to be supplied to France and Poland market for the May 26th event.

Reliance on hydrogen peroxide is common in many farms to protect flowers from bacteria and fungus. Instead of mild chemicals Ethio Agri-Ceft Holeta has already specialized in using ‘endod’ — phytolacca dodecandra in lieu of aluminum sulphate and sodium hypochlorite – which are known to have residue and a distinctive smell respectively. However, endod has been proved to be environment friendly. Thus, Agri Flower Holeta sprays in greenhouse to protect flowers from infestation.

The company is garnering a lot from endod particularly in maintaining cleanliness of the compound. Through maintaining greenhouse sanitation, it is helping the farm in fighting unpleasant smell.

The company started operation 15 years ago. It has now 463 employees and managed to utilize 28.5 hectares of land set aside for it at inception. In terms of quality produce and price at market, now the company is among the best performers in the horticulture industry. It operates on 27 greenhouses having 0.45-2 hectares.

As regards corporate social responsibility Company Manager Leul Debas remarked: “We have been taking part in various developmental activities in Holeta city administration. Though we need additional 10 hectares of land for expansion in the short-term, we have the capacity to develop 25 hectares beyond the present undertaking.”

As part of CSR activities the company has so far constructed 4.4-kms of asphalt road and covered about 75% of community policing station built in the vicinity of the farm. Workers in the farm have smartly curved out wooden rooms to take rest, dine or refresh whenever they finish off their daily activities.

Marginpar Ethiopia & L’Arca Investment undertake joint CSR activities

Located in Holata town administration in Wolmera district Marginpar Ethiopia PLC and L’Arca Investment PLC are summer flower producing and exporting farms. They have same shareholders and their main crops are Eryngium, Astrantia, Crocosmia which are exported to Europe and some direct customers in the Far East and America.

The two companies participate in different CSR activities jointly. They took part in construction of a ten-kilometre road in two different sites in “Wolmera Choke” Kebele. In undertaking the road project they carried out activities in consulting the community about the lay of the road following which the community provided the selected material and the companies took care of machinery, transportation and labour cost.

The Kebele also requested support to build a bridge on Welensu River and thus, both companies provided culverts and machinery. During the construction the companies provided a temporary solution via a wooden bridge.

So far over 10,000 indigenous fast-growing trees have been distributed to the community. The trees transplantation is meant to protect soil erosion and contribute to environmental conservation.

Over 40 households get drinking water service from the two companies. At several farm gates dispersing points have been erected. Furthermore, a nearby primary school is about to be supplied with drinking water.

Recently the companies assisted in Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) which enabled all 650 staff members and 26 elderly from local the community get access to full health package for themselves and their family.

Both companies provide all their staff members with lunch on each working day.

Contact Info

Location : Micky Leyland Avenue on the Road to Atlas Hotel, NB Business Center; 6th floor; Room # 603

Phone : +251 11 6631760/6750

P.O.Box: 22241 Code 1000


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